Cellular adaption is a change in cells’ response to environmental changes, including changes in nutrients, oxygen or hormones. They can either be reversible (or irreversible) and can have beneficial or harmful effects on both the cells and the entire organism.
Dysplasia is a type of cell adaptation that could have important clinical consequences. Dysplasia can cause abnormal cell growth and may be precursor to cancer. Under a microscope, dysplastic cells may appear unusual and can show changes in size, organization, or shape.
A tissue biopsy is usually performed by doctors to diagnose dysplasia. This involves removing a tiny amount of tissue from the area affected and then looking at it under a microscope. This can be used to diagnose the condition and determine whether the tumor is malignant or benign. Additional testing may be done depending on the location and severity of the dysplasia, as well as the patient’s medical history and other factors.
The severity and underlying causes of dysplasia will determine the treatment. If the cause is addressed, some dysplasia cases can be resolved on their own. Other cases may require treatment that includes surgery to remove the affected tissues, radiation therapy or any other intervention to stop the disease from becoming cancerous.
Cellular adaptations can refer to any changes made by cells to adapt to changing environments. In short, dysplasia, which is an abnormal form of cell growth, could be considered a sign that a person may have cancer. A tissue biopsy is usually used to diagnose dysplasia. Additional testing can be performed depending on severity and other factors. Dysplasia treatment depends on its underlying causes and might involve surgery to remove the tissue affected or other measures to prevent the development of cancer.