Lack of access to safe and reliable water sources and poor sanitation have significant impacts on the health, well-being and stability of people and their families.
Access to safe and reliable water is essential to avoid waterborne disease transmission, such as cholera and typhoid fever. These diseases can even be fatal. Lack of sanitation increases disease transmission especially in densely populated areas. World Health Organization reports that approximately 2.2 billion people don’t have safe drinking water access and that nearly 4.2 million people are not able to access properly managed sanitation services.
Water crisis affects every region of the globe, developing and developed. Climate change, population growth and urbanization all contribute to the growing water demand and stressing water resources. The water crisis is also being caused by poor water management and insufficient investments in water systems.
Water crisis has a wider impact than just health. The lack of clean water or sanitation can have a negative impact on economic growth. It may reduce productivity, raise healthcare costs, and lower education access. Water scarcity may also lead to political instability as countries and communities compete for scarce resources. This can cause conflicts about water use and rights.
The water crisis must be addressed by all stakeholders, including governments and international organisations. A comprehensive approach to the water crisis must be taken that considers sustainable water management, infrastructure investments, as well as ensuring everyone has access to safe drinking water.