Consider the following factors when assessing the scientific evidence. To minimize bias, and make sure that results can be generalized to other populations, it is a good idea to use randomized controlled trials or other rigorous methods of research in high-quality studies. You must also consider whether the evidence is relevant and applicable to the particular context in which it was studied.
There are many quality guidelines and standards that can be used to evaluate and improve healthcare quality. One example is the IOM’s six aims for quality improvement, which include:
- Safety: To reduce the chance of injury to patients due to medical mistakes or other adverse events
- Effectiveness: Providing evidence-based care that is appropriate and effective for the patient’s condition.
- Patient-centeredness: Focusing on the needs, preferences, and values of the patient, and involving patients in care decisions.
- Timeliness: Reduce wait times, delays and provide timely access to the appropriate services.
- Efficiency: Maximizing value and minimizing waste.
- Equity is the provision of equitable and non-discriminatory care to meet diverse needs.
These goals can be used for healthcare quality evaluations and to identify potential areas of improvement. It is important to remember that each organization may have its own standards and priorities regarding quality improvement. These standards can change over time, as evidence becomes more relevant and better practices are discovered.