Case study on Aging Adults | Nursing homework help
- To assess the client’s nutritional and exercise knowledge, I would use the following screening tools:
- The Rapid Eating Assessment for Patients (REAP) tool: This tool evaluates the client’s dietary habits, food choices, and nutrient intake to identify areas for improvement.
- The Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA) tool: This tool assesses the client’s physical activity level and identifies areas for improvement.
I would use these screening tools to gather objective data about the client’s nutritional and exercise knowledge to develop a personalized plan of care.
- There are two outcomes for clients that can be compared to the real world.
- Regular exercise and balanced eating will reduce the client’s BMI within six months.
- In 3 months, the client will consume at least 5 more servings of fruit and vegetables per day by eating plant-based foods and snacking.
- There are three nursing interventions that can be used to help each client achieve their desired outcome. These reasons and the details of them all are:
Client Outcome 1 – The client will lower their BMI by engaging in regular physical activity, eating well and maintaining a healthy weight within six months.
- 1. Develop an exercise program with your client that includes activities you enjoy and are able to do. The rationale behind this: Physical activity is a great way to burn calories and improve your cardiovascular health. It can also help you increase muscle mass.
- Intervention 2: Develop a meal plan with your client that is balanced. It should contain nutrient dense foods and portion control. The rationale behind this intervention is that a balanced diet will provide clients with all the nutrients necessary for their optimal health and weight control.
- Intervention 3: Monitor the client’s weight regularly and adjust the exercise and meal plans as needed to achieve the desired BMI reduction. The rationale for this intervention: Regular weight monitoring will help you track the progress of your body and pinpoint areas that are in need of improvement.
Client Outcome 2 – The client will consume at least 5 more servings of fruit and vegetables per day over the next 3 months, by eating more plant-based foods and snacking.
- 1. Educate client about fruits and vegetables, and how to get the daily recommended intake. Argument: Clients may not realize the importance of vegetables and fruits in their health.
- Intervention 2: Develop a meal plan with your client that includes fruits and vegetables. Justification: A balanced meal plan that contains fruits and veggies can help clients maintain optimal health.
- Intervention #3: Give the client ideas and recipes for healthy snacks made with fruits and veggies. Argument: Clients can get healthy snacks to help them meet their fruit- and vegetable intake goals.
- The weakness in the client’s life and supports that may be impacting their activity and diet could be the client’s independence and pride. A client might be resistant to receiving assistance or making lifestyle changes that will affect their ability and willingness to accept it.
- This client may benefit from the following referrals:
- Registered dietitian can help you create a customized meal plan, and offer ongoing nutrition counseling.
- You can have a personal trainer, therapist, or physical therapist create an exercise program that suits your needs and continue to support you.
- A social worker to assess the client’s support system and identify resources for emotional and social support.
Refer to: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). Assessment of your body weight. Retrieved at https://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/index.html Holmes, S., & Dick, K. (2010). Review of Tools