Assignment — vitamins | Nutrition | University of Mary Washington
Health science is incomplete without nutrition. This is science that examines the interplay between nutrients and food. For maintaining good health and fighting chronic diseases, proper nutrition is essential.
Below are some important concepts about nutrition in the field of health science.
- Macronutrients – Macronutrients refer to the large amount of nutrients that the body requires, which include carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. These nutrients are necessary for energy, growth, and repair.
- Micronutrients – These are nutrients that the body requires in smaller amounts, such as vitamins and mineral. They are important for maintaining good health. However, they cannot be produced by the body on its own.
- The dietary guidelines: This is a list of recommendations to eat healthy. These guidelines are subject to change depending on where you live and they reflect the most recent scientific research.
- Malnutrition refers to a lack of nutrients in the body. Malnutrition can cause a variety of problems including stunted growth and a weaker immune system. It also increases the risk for chronic disease.
- Poor nutrition and diet are common causes of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and cancer. A healthy lifestyle and diet can prevent the development of these chronic diseases.
- Nutritional assessment: Nutritional assessment is the process of evaluating a person’s nutritional status. You can do this through many methods such as dietary surveys and physical exams.
In the end, nutrition is a key component of science and medicine. It is important to understand the fundamental concepts of nutrition in order to promote good health and prevent chronic diseases.