Assignment: adaptive response nursing homework help| Nursing homework help
Scenario 1: Jennifer, a 2-yearold girl suffering from a fever and sore throat.
Pathophysiology: Jennifer’s symptoms, including fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes, are consistent with a common childhood illness known as pharyngitis, which is inflammation of the pharynx. A viral infection is the most common reason for pharyngitis among children. This includes common colds and flu. In some instances, however, it may be due to a bacterial infection such as Group A Streptococcus (GAS).
Associated alterations: The inflammatory response to the infection causes Jennifer’s body temperature to increase, resulting in a fever. The erythematous and swollen tonsils, as well as the tender lymph nodes, are signs of the immune system’s response to the infection. Jennifer’s increased heart rate and respiratory rate are also adaptive responses to the infection, as her body is working to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the affected areas and remove waste products.
Scenario 1: John, 55 years old male has had a long history of shortness of breath and smoking.
Pathophysiology: John’s symptoms, including shortness of breath, cough, and history of smoking, suggest a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a chronic lung disease that typically develops as a result of long-term exposure to irritants such as tobacco smoke.
COPD can cause inflammation and narrowing in the airways. This causes difficulty breathing. An inflammatory response within the lungs can cause the airways thickening and production of excess mucus. This makes it more difficult for oxygen to flow into and out the lungs. John’s shortness of breath is a result of decreased oxygen delivery to the body’s tissues, while his cough is a reflexive response to clear the airways of mucus. Lung damage can occur over time due to inflammation or narrowing of airways.
Scenario: Maria is a woman aged 40 with vomiting and abdominal pains
Pathophysiology: Maria’s symptoms, including abdominal pain and vomiting, are consistent with acute gastroenteritis, an inflammation of the stomach and intestines typically caused by a viral or bacterial infection.
Associated alterations: The inflammatory response in the gastrointestinal tract can cause Maria’s abdominal pain, while the vomiting is a reflexive response to clear the stomach of irritants. The infection can also cause diarrhea, which is a result of the body’s attempt to flush out the harmful bacteria or viruses. Maria could experience hypoglycemia from the fluid loss caused by vomiting and diarrhea. If left untreated, this can result in electrolyte imbalances or other problems.