Write a PICO question based on a scenario you choose from the list of scenarios attached below. 

Nursing homework help| Nursing homework help

Scenario: An intervention is needed to lower the rate of hospital-acquired illnesses (HAIs). A hospital notices an increase in HAIs among patients.

PICO Question: Does UV light disinfection (I), compared with standard cleaning methods (C), reduce hospital-acquired infection (O) in patients who are admitted to hospital?

P: Patients admitted into hospitals. I: UV light disinfection. C: Standard cleaning techniques. O: Incidence hospital-acquired infection during hospital stay


  • P: patients, hospitals
  • I: UV light disinfection, ultraviolet light disinfection, UV-C light
  • C: Cleaning methods that are standard, conventional, or manual.
  • O: nosocomial and hospital-acquired infection
  • Synonym: ultraviolet disinfection
  • MeSH term: Hospital-Acquired Infections/prevention and control

APA References

  1. Donskey, C. J., Kundrapu, S., Deshpande, A., & Colonies, K. (2019). The implementation of UV room disinfection following hospital discharge. Clinical infectious diseases: an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 69(11), 1840–1846. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz197
  2. Haas, J. P., Menz, J., Dusza, S., Montecalvo, M. A., & Wormser, G. P. (2019). High-level disinfection cabinets and ultraviolet-C radiation are effective in decontaminating N95 respirators. Pathogens and Disease, 77(9), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1093/femspd/ftaa031
  3. Ling, M. L., Ching, P., Nandakumar, M., Cheng, H. C., Cheng, A., Lee, C., & Ling, L. M. (2016). Comparative study of the effectiveness of common disinfection methods and ultraviolet C lighting in eliminating multidrug-resistant bacteria. Journal of Hospital Infection, 92(3), 235–240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2015.11.009
  4. Ramalingam, S., Sankar, M. J., Nuthanakalva, V. N., Vasanthan, T., Vincent, P., Gomathi, S., & Kali, A. (2020). The clinical trial of UltravioletC to disinfect patient rooms in the COVID-19 epidemic. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 87(9), 698–702. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-020-03357-5

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