Worldwide, infectious diseases are a serious public health issue. There have been many reported cases each year. Communicable disease is an infection caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi. These infections can spread to others through indirect, direct, and airborne transmission. The paper will concentrate on influenza, an extremely contagious respiratory illness that is very common and affects many millions. This paper will discuss the symptoms and transmission modes, as well as the complications that can occur, the treatment options, and who is most likely to contract influenza. The paper will also discuss social determinants and how they contribute to influenza development. In relation to influenza, the epidemiologic triangle, which includes host, agent, and environmental factors will be addressed. This paper will discuss the roles of the community nurse in case discovery, reporting and data collection. It will also highlight the importance of providing demographic information to improve the community’s health. In addition, this paper will highlight at least one federal agency/organization that deals with influenza. It will explain the role of these organizations in reducing or solving the problem. A global perspective on influenza will also be covered, which will highlight how it is dealt with in different countries and cultures.
Influenza, a virus that causes respiratory infections, affects the throat and lungs. Influenza virus is contagious. The virus can rapidly spread and cause widespread epidemics. The influenza virus is a member of the Orthomyxoviridae Family. There are three kinds of influenza viruses: A, C, and B. Influenza A virus causes seasonal flu symptoms, while Influenza C viruses cause mild upper respiratory infections. Influenza can be reported to healthcare providers.
What are the causes, symptoms, and modes of transmission?
Influenza virus is a respiratory disease caused by influenza. The virus can spread from person to person through mucus and saliva. The virus is transmitted by the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. If another person breathes in the virus they may become infected. Influenza can also spread to others through contact with surfaces infected with the virus such as countertops and doorknobs.
Flu symptoms include high fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, runny nose and body aches. Some cases of influenza may cause vomiting and diarrhea in children, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2021a). Most symptoms appear within the first 1-4 days following exposure and may last up to one week. Influenza can bring on severe complications for people who have underlying conditions or weak immune systems. The complications include: pneumonia, bronchitis and sinus infections.
Complications associated with influenza can range from mild to severe, depending on the individual’s age, health status, and immune system. Influenza can lead to severe respiratory problems such as pneumonia and bronchitis. Flu can cause serious inflammation of the heart, brain or muscles tissues. There are higher chances of severe complications in pregnant women, children under age 18, elderly people, as well as those with heart disease, diabetes or asthma.
Influenza can be treated by antiviral drugs. These medications may help to reduce symptoms and their duration. Antiviral medications work by blocking the virus’s ability to replicate, thus reducing the number of