The research article selected for this post is “Experiences of Older Adults With Cognitive Impairment in Assisted Living: A Systematic Review” by Dabelko-Schoeny, Anderson, and Rubinstein (2020). This study was designed to examine the experiences of seniors with cognitive impairment who live in assisted living homes. To identify pertinent studies, a systematic review was performed. A comprehensive search strategy was employed to find articles published between 2008-2018. There were 23 eligible articles in the study, which were then analysed using thematic analysis.
This study used systematic reviews as a sampling technique. These are rigorous, comprehensive approaches to finding, appraising and synthesizing relevant research on a topic. Systematic reviews seek to minimise bias and enhance the generalizability by using clear and transparent methods to find, select and analyze the studies. The sampling technique used in this study ensured that the relevant studies were included, which increased the validity and internal integrity of the results.
Polit and Beck (2021) claim that systematic reviews constitute the highest standard of evidence synthesis. This is because they employ a transparent and thorough approach to finding, appraising and synthesizing relevant research on a topic. The goal of systematic reviews is to minimise bias and enhance the generalizability by using an inclusive search strategy as well as inclusion/exclusion criteria. This study used a sampling strategy that was efficient in making sure all relevant studies were included in its analysis. It also increased internal and external validity.
Dabelko-Schoeny, H., Anderson, K. A., & Rubinstein, R. L. (2020). An analysis of the experiences of assisted living residents with cognitive impairment: Journal of Applied Gerontology. 39(1). 23-33. https://doi.org/10.1177/0733464818773035
The following are the three main questions and answers I would like to ask after reading through this research study:
- How were studies selected for the systematic review? Because it allows you to assess the relevance and quality of all the included studies in the systematic review, this is an important question.
- Was there a common theme that emerged from your data analysis? It is important to ask this question because it gives insight into older people with cognitive impairment who live in assisted living homes.
- Which policy implications will these findings have for policy-making and practice? This is a critical question as it helps identify potential areas for improvement in care and support for older people with cognitive impairment who live in assisted living units.
Other questions that can be asked and answered by peers in response to inquiries about their studies are:
- How representative was it of the target population?
- How might the limitations and strengths of the sample method have affected the results?
- How were sampling biases addressed during the analysis and design of this study?