Dq 1 | Nursing homework help
Fungal spores are inhaled through mucus secretions and become trapped in the airways. This causes the disease’s pathophysiologic course. If these fungi are present in high numbers they produce toxic substances that cause tissue necrosis and inflammation.
Medical interventions that would be helpful in treating this condition include: administration of broad spectrum antifungal agents such as amphotericin B; supplemental oxygen therapy; use of intubation/ventilation if necessary; administration of corticosteroids to reduce lung inflammation; and mechanical ventilation support (e.g., noninvasive positive pressure ventilation) if patient’s condition worsens despite medical treatment including antibiotics aimed at controlling secondary bacterial infections commonly associated with MUCOR infections.
Two laboratory values which were considered abnormal include: white blood cell count was elevated at 16×10⁹/L indicating leukocytosis due to a systemic inflammatory response from the infection (potentially from both fungus-induced toxins and possible secondary bacterial presence); pH was decreased at 7.25 indicating acidotic state likely due to rapid respiration rate coupled with increased production CO₂ from septic process causing respiratory compensation .
Some medications that may be prescribed are: Anti-fungals such as Amphotericin A; Antibiotics such as Egr Sulfonamides to treat secondary infections; Bronchodilators, like Albuterol, which assist in improving airflow; Antimicrobials like Meropenemto for treating advanced stage tuberculosis; Analgesics such oral oxycodone breakthrough dosages for the relief of chest pain caused by pneumonia; and Antipyretics such as ibuprofen to reduce the severity Medical treatments may include IV hydration fluids ; supplemental oxygen therapy using tubing connected to high flow cannula placed around nose & mouth or simple facial mask drawing ambient oxygen attached through oxymeter measuring current levels of O₂ saturation .”