Promotion of health in minorities
Hispanic/Latino Americans have higher rates of mortality from various conditions, including stroke, heart disease and chronic lower respiratory illnesses like diabetes mellitus. They also experience higher levels of depression and decreased access to healthcare because of a lack of coverage. Language barriers and restricted economic resources lead to poor nutrition and poor dietary choices. Nutritional challenges also stem from beliefs about traditional foods being healthier than modern processed foods combined with poor food security – 11% experience low food security – leading to diets lacking in range or quantity but often high in sugar and fat content which can lead to obesity-related illnesses.
Culture can create barriers by influencing healthcare utilization. For example, a preference to use alternative medicines over science-based therapies; less use of preventive medicine due to familial responsibilities preceding individual care needs; decreased access to physical services and reduced social participation options by circumscribing geographical mobility options beyond strictly defined networks; restrictive views regarding gender roles within families further restricting expression of female family members; and extra work from health professionals trying engagement. Inequality in social determinants is manifested in income inequality, which causes disproportional consequences across barsrios.
These people practice health promotion activities, which include healthy eating plans that integrate cultural influences like Latin American cuisines into meals. This is done along with exercises grounded in discipline respect traditional and religious belief foundations.
A three-level approach to health promotion prevention that considers unique needs and targets minorities. Primary prevention is essential for erasing all disparities. Secondary strategies are designed to provide learners with curriculum. They focus on providing learning opportunities, preventing illness, reducing the likelihood of developing key diseases such as cervical cancer. Tertiary interventions include managing current conditions and completing age-appropriate exams.
Cultural beliefs practices considered creating Care Plan prioritize culturally competent theories models ensure provide best possible service idiosyncratic norms integrate interpersonal communication empathize patient’s lived experiences facilitate relationship trust explore innovative methods allow autonomy facilitate dialogue exchange ideas assess differences accommodations needed recommended plan Research evidence based theoretical approaches Schimdt & Brown’s Intercultural Sensitivity Model CITE provide framework facilitating open nondiscriminatory dialogues between provider patient respectful dteregitative manner identify values thoughts interests.