Putman (1995), based on his TV study, concluded that television had contributed to capital’s fall and proposed a theory of temporal displacement. This hypothesis states that new communication can replace older communication. Spending too much time on the internet can lead to a loss of face-to-face contact and a decrease in social capital. Because television is characterised by an unidirectional flow homogeneous information in one direction, it makes sense that this technology could have even more of a substitution effect. The internet, which is the most important technological advancement of all time, has been called the fundamental technology that ushered in the information age (Leo 2016,). This technology allows users to access and interact with information via web browsers. This technology has many uses, including email reception and social networking. The Internet has become a vital tool for communication and socialization, and plays an important role in improving face-to-face interactions and phone conversations. (2010). (Penard & Poussing). However, Palvia and Nemati (2018) show that information and communications technology can have a significant impact on social capital because it may be used to keep relationships with friends and family as well as business partners. Penard (2010) and Poussing (2010) agree with this philosophy. The authors believe that the internet could play a major role in isolating people from social interactions and making it more difficult for them to engage in solo activities such as browsing on the Internet. It is clear that technology may be replacing some aspects of social capital, but not all.
A low level of social capital is a situation where social organization and structure are not present. Karhnha and colleagues. According to Karhnha and colleagues. This inquiry discusses Pakistan. It also provides some examples for how Pakistan could increase its social capital. These difficulties impact micro-entrepreneur efforts by Pakistani women. These issues have an impact not only on women’s success in Pakistan but also on women-owned businesses (Khan and al., 2002). Because Pakistan is an Islamic Republic, the role of women in Pakistan differs from other countries in terms of religion, culture, laws and roles.