Complex architecture and sculpture were the main characteristics of the Greek Age. They had an enormous impact on the western civilisation and cultures now displayed in the West. The Near Eastern and Egyptian conceptions of monumental art and architecture influenced Greek sculpture and architecture between 800 BCE and 300 BCE. This was however transformed over the years into a unique Greek approach to building. The hallmarks of Greek architecture are simplicity, perspective, proportion. The best architects were able to combine aesthetics with functional efficiency in order to build structures that look good and are efficient. (Pierattini 2018). Temples, theatres, and stadiums were some of the most important architectural monuments that rose to prominence in the Empire’s history. Although Greek architecture was based on neoclassical architectural principles it significantly altered them to add elegance and practicality.
The architectural world of today continues to be influenced by Greek architecture and Greek art. Architrave is a beam which rests on columns during construction to support and aesthetic purposes. Triglyph, a carved panel signaling the end of beams was also adopted from Greek architecture. You can see relief in most sculptures around the globe (Sabri 2018, 2018). The Greeks developed this technique by sculpting figures which are fully or partially adhered to stones. Greek architecture has influenced the design and techniques used in western civilisations. Many people also visit these historic places to find out more about their past.
Athens’ Parthenon is an iconic architectural structure that offers tourists information on historical perspectives. These landmarks have been the foundation of Western architecture, including the Lincoln Memorial in Washington and the Prado Museum Madrid.