Important Events: Plague
Between 1347 and 1350, the Black Death was a pandemic in Europe. Bedyski says that the disease lasted until 1353 in Central Asia, and then died out completely in Europe in 1353. (130). Broomhall, et al. The plague is cited as one of many natural disasters which challenged Middle Ages beliefs and inspired new ideas (51). Jedwab et al. The impact of environmental crises, such as the Black Death on modern economies is well-known (1). Geltner claims that the outbreak sparked an entire revolution. The epidemic forced the government to deal with public health issues arising from large populations. This led to the creation of programs and laws in Tuscany. People who were not financially secure had an disproportionately bad experience with the Black Death.
Family members of the Influence-Medici Family
The Medici clan was powerful in the 1400s and 1500s. Brooks asserts that the Medici family gained control over the city’s arts and government in 1434. They also claimed to have actual power (1). Burch describes the Medici family as an emotionally connected community, because of their close relationships to many people (18). Giovanni Tornabuoni (a former Pope, banker and banker) may have been the one who gave rise to the Medici Family’s power. His contributions to the Medici Family were invaluable (Porrini 2). Sadeghi claims that people looked to the Medici Family and their banking methods to save the residents of Florence from starvation after the “Global Warming” conclusion (5). The family contributed to the construction of orphanages and churches as well as municipal halls.
Rulers-Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci has been universally regarded as the Renaissance’s greatest genius. Ferretti et al. Ferretti et al. (1) claim that Da Vinci was an exceptional artist who created works of international renown. Isaacson claims that Da Vinci was born during a very fortunate period. He became an apprentice in Florence where he met Johannes Gutenberg who is the inventor of the printing press. Sawyer describes Leonardo da Vinci (26) as an engineer, scientist and polymath who was trained in tribology. Kemp shows that da Vinci is responsible for creating the medieval theory and practice of statics and dynamics (322). Leonardo da Vinci was born on 1452. He died 1519. His vast intellectual legacy is still evident.
Age of Discovery
In the 15th century, the advent of the compass marked the beginning of an era in exploration. Kim 13 says that the invention of the compass enabled ocean sailing. It also altered prior navigational frames (Kim 13). Europe was able to discover new areas and expand its borders during this age (Votruba 273). Melendo connects the contemporary Japanese architectural impact on America with this period (17). This time saw an Iberian expansion in the Indies, and European engagement with Eastern dominions (Volpato169). European exploration was the main driver of the Age of Exploration, which ended in 17th century.